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Retrouver le Caucase : histoire d’une diplomatie frontalière (1905-1938)

Abstract : The Caucasus is often perceived as a fragmented area, dominated by geopolitical rivalries and rabid nationalisms. This research attempts to break with such an interpretation by rethinking its recent history. It reconstructs the shared dynamics of the Caucasian borderlands between Turkey, Iran and Russia in the first third of the 20th century, by presenting a history of cross-border circulations in this moment of revolutions, conflicts and political upheavals. This study of border interactions is inserted into a wider analysis of political-administrative autonomy in these borderlands. Until the late 1930s, powerful autonomous institutions rely upon the open Caucasian border and play a major role within each empire and between them. Regional elites and consular networks give rise to a genuine Caucasian paradiplomacy. This border diplomacy creates resources for regional elites in the balance of powers with central governments and focuses on issues neglected by a focus on central diplomacies: migrations, police and judicial matters, environmental challenges are but a few of these fields which foster interstate cooperation, enabling little-known influences and exchanges. By highlighting them, this dissertation suggests a way to go beyond a historiography of great powers imperialism. It contends that Caucasian history cannot be properly understood without putting at the forefront regional actors and their ability to exploits the interstices of state policies and imperial territories.
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Submitted on : Thursday, April 21, 2022 - 4:04:04 PM
Last modification on : Friday, April 22, 2022 - 3:29:02 AM


  • HAL Id : tel-03648502, version 1



Etienne Peyrat. Retrouver le Caucase : histoire d’une diplomatie frontalière (1905-1938). Histoire. Institut d'études politiques de Paris - Sciences Po, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015IEPP0047⟩. ⟨tel-03648502⟩



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