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Scream for Life : usages politiques de la culture en Chine : échanges et résistance au sein de communautés alternatives : le cas des punks et des cinéastes indépendants

Abstract : His thesis offers a study of the emergence of counter-culture in the People’s Republic of China through the lens of political contestation, with the help of cultural productions and a fieldwork carried on in several Chinese cities from 2012 to 2015. Two counter-cultural communities have been studied in this thesis, the punks and the independent filmmakers. This choice allows us to reveal similar logics within these two communities about their relationship to politics and to the spaces they have been able to create in order to produce and release their works, in a State which still tightly controls cultural expression. Chinese counter-culture must first be put back into the context of the management, by the Communist Party, of all forms of cultural expression, from Qu Qiubai’s theories to Mao Zedong’s Talks about literature and art. Punks and independent filmmakers thus place themselves into the history of artists and intellectuals’ resistance against the control by Chinese authorities of the cultural field. They find new tools in order to express their disagreements, through the minor appropriation of available techniques. The thesis proposes to study this two forms of counter-culture through the effects they produce on the actors themselves, through the new forms of subjectivity they create, but also through the search of autonomous spaces, which embodies the struggle against the Chinese Communist Party’s monopoly of public space. The analysis will also address the counter-cultural expression as a kind of speech of truth (parrhesia), in a society where, according to Liu Xiaobo, “to refuse lies is precisely the most effective way to undermine tyranny”.
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Submitted on : Thursday, April 21, 2022 - 12:10:31 PM
Last modification on : Friday, April 22, 2022 - 3:35:58 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-03648247, version 1

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Nathanel Amar. Scream for Life : usages politiques de la culture en Chine : échanges et résistance au sein de communautés alternatives : le cas des punks et des cinéastes indépendants. Science politique. Institut d'études politiques de Paris - Sciences Po, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015IEPP0037⟩. ⟨tel-03648247⟩

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