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Drawing a border to cross it? : an investigation into the political border origins and foundations

Abstract : Considered as arbitrary lines, political borders are today the sign and the model for a brutal and unfair limit. While refusing to distinguish between human groups, we however continue to separate them but on a different manner and according to renewed forms of domination. By suppressing the political dimension of borders, we in fact increase them while creating unprecedented walls and barriers. Our study intends to understand how separating well allows for a better unification. This raises some questions beforehand. Is there a universal and initial meaning to the drawing of any limit on land? Which type of evolution do traditional limits undergo in order to turn into modern borders? What is a border in the fully democratic sense of the term? A border is not a limit because their respective legitimacy does not have the same origin: a limit is based on transcendence whereas a border is self-referential. In the West, formal reason has definitely imposed itself on nature and on the divine. It is then necessary to understand the historical switch from one to the other while studying the successive relations of men to symbol, land and power. On a deeper level, the different ways of containing a social community has always led to a renewed understanding of its possible opening to various forms of freedom, and this up to the theoretical contemporary premises of political cosmopolitanism. Inquiring on the foundations and the origins of any political separation in that sense comes down to track, on an historical and normative level, signs of the concrete universal, the one that opens by closing, and whose ideal is made real by its materialization in space.
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https://hal-sciencespo.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03647589
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Submitted on : Wednesday, April 20, 2022 - 4:33:10 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, April 21, 2022 - 3:34:46 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-03647589, version 1

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Jérôme Esnouf. Drawing a border to cross it? : an investigation into the political border origins and foundations. Science politique. Institut d'études politiques de Paris - Sciences Po, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015IEPP0030⟩. ⟨tel-03647589⟩

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