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Quand le Bleu passe au vert : la sécurisation de l’environnement à l’ONU

Abstract : For decades, the United Nations (UN) – its member states, its programs and its personnel – have been concerned with how the environment and security are linked. However, academic research does not offer an extensive analysis of the ways environmental issues have been promoted within the UN security agenda. Likewise, the literature on the construction of security issues does not provide comprehensive insight on the role of international organizations in the securitization process. This dissertation aims to fill these gaps. Based on a grounded theory approach and ethnographic methods – participant observations, semi-structured interviews – it investigates the integration of the environment into the definition and management of security within the UN, from the inside. First, research has revealed governments, organizations and individuals have multiple and sometimes competing motives. Second, at the UN, environmental securitization occurs through four main modalities: discursive securitization, institutional securitization, technical securitization, reverse securitization. Efforts to promote securitization may be opposed by the member states or competing UN agencies if such moves are counter to their interests. However, although few effects were observed on the global environmental governance system, securitizing moves are not inconsequential: they promote institutional change for securitizing actors and participate in building a "symbolic order" consisting of obligations and interdependence.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, April 20, 2022 - 4:15:21 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, April 21, 2022 - 3:34:46 AM


  • HAL Id : tel-03647542, version 1



Maertens Lucile. Quand le Bleu passe au vert : la sécurisation de l’environnement à l’ONU. Science politique. Institut d'études politiques de Paris - Sciences Po; Université de Genève. Faculté des sciences de la société, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015IEPP0032⟩. ⟨tel-03647542⟩



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