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Gouverner les illégalismes urbains : les politiques publiques face aux squats et aux bidonvilles dans les régions de Paris et de Madrid

Abstract : Addressing the issue of ungovernability of squats and illegal settlements in the Capital Regions of Paris and Madrid, the thesis explains the mechanisms of differential government of housing illegalisms since the sixties. The thesis shows that squats and illegal slums are governed, but in a discontinuous way and by diverse forms of policies. It demonstrates that ungovernability is built by public actors in order to justify alternatively inaction and policies of exception. Ungovernability is a discursive repertory that justifies the disengagement of policies. But it is also a mode of governance that supports emergency policies, implemented by police agencies and NGOs, and that allows policy makers to set up only local and temporary rehousing and social programs. However, as policy makers are rent-seekers, when they find interests to become leaders of the competitive multilevel urban governance, they activate agendas and implement institutionalized and autonomous policies. They create specific administrations, instruments and budgets. Policies select and constraint beneficiaries and evict victims. Thus, policies produce as much illegality as they resolve it. Beside these invariants produced by the sui generis own effects of policy instruments, the thesis identifies four key variables whose combinations explain the policy outcomes diversity: the level of institutionalization, the sectorial logics, the scale of actions, and the behavior of targeted groups who participate to the instruments conception. Squatters and slum dwellers resist, they neutralize constraints and divert resources.
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https://hal-sciencespo.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03646679
Contributor : Hélène Saint-Gal Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, April 19, 2022 - 5:11:57 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, September 27, 2022 - 1:26:54 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-03646679, version 1

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Thomas Aguilera. Gouverner les illégalismes urbains : les politiques publiques face aux squats et aux bidonvilles dans les régions de Paris et de Madrid. Science politique. Institut d'études politiques de Paris - Sciences Po, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015IEPP0016⟩. ⟨tel-03646679⟩

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