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Une odyssée subversive : la circulation des savoirs stratégiques irréguliers en Occident (France, Grande-Bretagne, États-Unis) de 1944 à 1972

Abstract : After being marginalized for centuries by the Western military model, irregular warfare was reintroduced during the Second World War through the indirect strategy adopted under British leadership. These new concepts then spread to the French and the American allies, thus contributing to forge the crucible of a new strategic community. The emergence of a "subversive threat" at the beginning of the Cold War allowed the renewal of such a community and the development of strategic knowledge such as irregular guerrilla or psychological warfare. Sometimes in cooperation, sometimes in rivalry, Western allies weaved their community of practice, first in Southeast Asia, facing the Maoist threat of people’s war, and then throughout the whole Third World. In the 1960s, the United States took the head of the crusade against the "wars of national liberation" and thus developed an integrated strategy, known as "counterinsurgency". The failure of its implementation in Vietnam and its political excesses yet lead to the rapid decline of irregular strategy in the West until its reappearance in the early twenty-first century, in the context of the global war on terror. Based on a large number of primary sources and adopting new methods of connected history, this work highlights the structures, networks and vectors which contributed to the circulation of strategic knowledge associated with irregular warfare. It also explores the motivations and limitations for such a circulation and attempts to offer an global narrative to apprehend the evolution of irregular warfare concepts.
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https://hal-sciencespo.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03646133
Contributor : Hélène Saint-Gal Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, April 19, 2022 - 4:30:04 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 20, 2022 - 3:40:21 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-03646133, version 1

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Elie Tenenbaum. Une odyssée subversive : la circulation des savoirs stratégiques irréguliers en Occident (France, Grande-Bretagne, États-Unis) de 1944 à 1972. Histoire. Institut d'études politiques de Paris - Sciences Po, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015IEPP0015⟩. ⟨tel-03646133⟩

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