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État, religion et société en Asie centrale post-soviétique : usages du religieux, pratiques sociales et légitimités politiques au Kirghizstan

Abstract : Confidential PhD thesis. This PhD dissertation examines the reconstruction of identity which was engendered by the collapse of Communism in the Soviet Union and the introduction of globalization in Post-Soviet Kyrgyzstan, whose population is majority Sunnī Muslim, belonging to the Ḥanafī school of Islamic law. The question of the strategy of actors in rearticulating identities in Kyrgyzstan centers on the relationship between the religious and the political realms, and their redefinition. In order to analyze the nature and role of religiosity in the Kyrgyz socio-political scene, the dissertation considers the triangulation of state, religion, and society through three main hypotheses: (1) the use of religion, at the political level, to reenchant the political order which has been in search of a new legitimacy after the collapse of Communism; (2) the use of religion, at the local level, to redistribute and redefine “meaning” in a society dislocated by the brutal social changes accompanying the collapse of this former Soviet Republic – specifically the recourse to Islam to reestablish the social contract by redefining normative social values and competing socio-political legitimacies; and (3) the use of the religion of Islam in the Kyrgyz context to redefine politics and establish a new political order.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 19, 2022 - 3:44:11 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 20, 2022 - 3:40:21 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-03645299, version 1

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Aurélie Biard. État, religion et société en Asie centrale post-soviétique : usages du religieux, pratiques sociales et légitimités politiques au Kirghizstan. Science politique. Institut d'études politiques de Paris - Sciences Po, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015IEPP0011⟩. ⟨tel-03645299⟩

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