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Inégalités sociales de compétences (scolaires) et organisation du système éducatif : études comparées à partir des enquêtes PISA de 2000 à 2009

Abstract : This research describes and analyses the links between social inequalities in skills and the organization of the education system. Investigating data from PISA 2000 to 2009 of more than twenty European countries, I study how institutional characteristics of education systems affect the magnitude and the structure of social inequalities at the end of compulsory schooling. The variety of institutional configurations in Europe as well as an important reform of the Polish education system allows to analyse how the organization of the educational system shapes the effects of student’s social origin and school social composition on student’s skills. Multilevel analyses tend to show that educational policies that foster school differentiation are associated with higher social inequalities in skills, mainly because of a greater school composition effect. The rise in skills inequalities across the 2000 decade in France is analyzed with regards to changes in the composition of the student population and in their schooling conditions. Results of the quantile decomposition suggest that the increasing share of low-achieving students stems less from changes in the student intake than to an impaired functioning of the education system and a lower learning engagement among students.
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https://hal-sciencespo.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03644774
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 19, 2022 - 2:03:27 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 20, 2022 - 3:39:41 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-03644774, version 1

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Noémie Le Donné. Inégalités sociales de compétences (scolaires) et organisation du système éducatif : études comparées à partir des enquêtes PISA de 2000 à 2009. Sociologie. Institut d'études politiques de Paris - Sciences Po, 2015. Français. ⟨tel-03644774⟩

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