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Mariage et procréation à Oman et au Koweït : étude des mutations générationnelles dans le contexte d’Etats rentiers

Abstract : Since the oil boom and the emergence of rentier states, Gulf families have undergone tremendous changes, notably in Oman and in Kuwait. Particularly, marriage and procreation which represent two major events for reproducing the family, have been transformed. The traditional nuptiality model, characterized by early and universal marriage, age difference between spouses and polygamy seems today questioned by the material affluence, mass education, urbanization and health advances. In addition to a nuptiality transition, a fertility transition has been also observed. However, the application of modernization theory hypothesis in the cases of oil countries produces atypical demographical patterns: preservation of consanguineous marriage, new forms of “non conventional” polygamy, preservation of still high fertility rate, soaring bride prices, matrimonial choices still dictated by family and state. These patterns oblige us to reconsider the linear an determinist patterns of the modernization theory which is still used in demography; as to better understand the adaptive dynamics of the family in front of the modern paradigm. The introduction of the political dimension helps us understand some of these paradoxes. Although the state has encouraged the modernization of demographic behavior, it has in another side favored traditional practices related to marriage and procreation, in the aim of consolidating the national identity. The rentier states, through material an ideological means, could have enhanced natalist ideals and reinforce patriarchy. Through semi directives interviews conducted in Oman and Kuwait with different generations, this study seeks to situate the behaviors in a political, cultural and economic context.
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https://hal-sciencespo.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03644351
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 19, 2022 - 10:13:57 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 20, 2022 - 3:29:31 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-03644351, version 1

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Jihan Safar. Mariage et procréation à Oman et au Koweït : étude des mutations générationnelles dans le contexte d’Etats rentiers. Démographie. Institut d'études politiques de Paris - Sciences Po, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015IEPP0010⟩. ⟨tel-03644351⟩

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