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Organisation partisane et exercice du pouvoir dans la Russie de Poutine : les paradoxes de la fabrication de Russie Unie (2001-2012)

Abstract : This thesis aims to examine the issues and modalities of building a political majority in Russia from the 2000s, after a decade marked by the weakness of the Central Executive and party system fragmentation. Created in 2001 to support Vladimir Putin, the situation of the political party United Russia in the political landscape may seem paradoxical. Dominant at all levels of power since 2003, it still remains a tool in the hands of leaders of the Executive, without any real autonomy or influence. United Russia, including officially 2 million members, is not rooted in Russian society and has very few militants. The analysis of the tension between the dynamics of the party’s institutionalization and, at the same time, its maintaining under control of the State appears as a privileged entry point for analyzing, in a comparative perspective, the production of mechanisms of subjections of Russian elected officials. This implies to study the establishment of United Russia and its concrete functioning, the practices of the actors involved in these activities and the meaning they give to these practices. Thus this approach suggests to show how the study of this specific process of party construction is likely to feed a more general and comparative reflection on how the dynamics of differentiation or reconciliation between parties and the State contribute to produce various forms of political investments. For this purpose, studying the party as an institution as well as the comparative historical sociology can show the tensions created by the process of differentiation under the control of United Russia and also how it supports the establishment of new domination mechanisms.
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Submitted on : Friday, April 15, 2022 - 3:58:55 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-03643303, version 1



Fauconnier Clémentine. Organisation partisane et exercice du pouvoir dans la Russie de Poutine : les paradoxes de la fabrication de Russie Unie (2001-2012). Science politique. Institut d'études politiques de Paris - Sciences Po, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015IEPP0019⟩. ⟨tel-03643303⟩



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