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Domination et résistance de la minorité musulmane après le pogrom de 2002 à Ahmedabad (Inde) : les paradoxes de la ghettoïsation à Juhapura

Abstract : This dissertation deals with the socio-spatial consequences of the anti-Muslim pogrom of Ahmedabad (Gujarat). This took place in 2002 and was mainly masterminded by the local authorities. Encouraging the migration of Muslim high classes for security purpose, this State-led violence led to the formation of a ghetto in the outskirts of Ahmedabad, in Juhapura. Originally a deprived locality economic-wise, it becomes a ghetto following the definition coined by L. Wacquant. This ghetto is thought as a “dispositive of power”, after Michel Foucault’s work. It aims at dominating the Muslim minority. Through the ghetto, the authorities therefore applied several “strategies of power” to the Juhapura’s inhabitants. But from 2004 on, the Muslim high classes had started to get mobilized. They initiated several self-help initiatives in order to develop the area and bring basic amenities into it. They indeed lead to the development of Juhapura. These actions are thus considered as “tactics of resistance” that oppose the strategies of power. They also bring social change in Juhapura: the secularist identity discourse slowly replaces the Islamic one. In addition, the importance of caste cleavages is growing within the ghetto. This is spatialized by the formation of different districts, laid-out following the socio-economic level of their inhabitants.
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Submitted on : Thursday, April 14, 2022 - 11:00:51 AM
Last modification on : Friday, April 15, 2022 - 3:13:29 PM

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Charlotte Thomas. Domination et résistance de la minorité musulmane après le pogrom de 2002 à Ahmedabad (Inde) : les paradoxes de la ghettoïsation à Juhapura. Science politique. Institut d'études politiques de Paris - Sciences Po, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014IEPP0051⟩. ⟨tel-03641210⟩

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