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Les transferts intergénérationnels des parents à leurs descendants en Europe : la solidarité comme mécanisme de (re)production des inégalités

Abstract : Family solidarity is usually regarded as a counterweight to the growth of inequalities, and - for a given age - the country is considered a major differentiation factor in its implementation process. On the contrary, our results show how family intervention stratifies, in each national context, the transition to adulthood and contributes to the transmission of social inequalities from one generation to another. Building on the SHARE survey project, we compare the development of the three main kinds of intergenerational transfers from parents to their offspring in thirteen European countries : monetary gifts, intergenerational coresidency and time transfers. In the whole set of countries, these practices are vectors of intergenerational transmission of inequalities : gifts are largely based upon parents’ resources - and, above all, their wealth -, coresidency brings out significant inequalities to its beneficiaries, and social support, even if apparently answering children’s needs, plays an essential role in the reproduction of the gendered division of domestic work. As a consequence, this work advocates for a new focus on determinants and social impacts of family solidarity, and sheds new light on the relation between the three “pillars” of the welfare regime (public sector, market, family). Last but not least, it leads to a renovation of the traditional understanding of consequences of the unequal family intervention during the first years of adulthood.
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https://hal-sciencespo.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03640627
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Submitted on : Wednesday, April 13, 2022 - 5:06:12 PM
Last modification on : Friday, April 15, 2022 - 3:09:56 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-03640627, version 1

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Adrien Papuchon. Les transferts intergénérationnels des parents à leurs descendants en Europe : la solidarité comme mécanisme de (re)production des inégalités. Sociologie. Institut d'études politiques de Paris - Sciences Po, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014IEPP0046⟩. ⟨tel-03640627⟩

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