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La représentativité : une valeur pratique pour les organisations internationales : le cas de l'Organisation internationale du travail de 1919 à nos jours

Abstract : In the past two decades, the representativeness of international organisations has been at the heart of political debates on the reform of world governance institutions. Representativeness is key to the legitimacy of international organizations. It entails the fact of "representing well" but also constitutes a tool which the institutions use in order to make certain actors represent others. Building on empirical research on the International Labour Organisation (ILO) from 1919 to 2014, this work develops the concept of "practical value" to address the polysemous and ambivalent notion of representativeness. The case of the ILO is both particular and emblematic of the problems that representativeness poses today. Indeed, unlike the United Nations or Bretton Woods systems, the ILO, created in 1919, is the sole international organisation composed of government representatives and representatives from workers’ and employers’ unions (tripartite representation). Hence, the ILO is a particularly interesting case to study representativeness over the long term at the level of states and non-state actors. Methodologically, this work defends a socio-historical approach that gives a central place to actors’ conceptions about representativeness, while also analysing the way representational practices are objectivised through time.
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https://hal-sciencespo.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03640591
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Submitted on : Wednesday, April 13, 2022 - 4:43:47 PM
Last modification on : Friday, April 15, 2022 - 1:54:02 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-03640591, version 1

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Marieke Louis. La représentativité : une valeur pratique pour les organisations internationales : le cas de l'Organisation internationale du travail de 1919 à nos jours. Science politique. Institut d'études politiques de Paris - Sciences Po, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014IEPP0044⟩. ⟨tel-03640591⟩

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