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Les temps et les modes de la reconnaissance politique : la RFA, Israël et la Claims Conference (1950-1990)

Abstract : This thesis explores the impact reparations have on groups by focusing on the question of time. It applies Paul Ricoeur's distinctions made between objective, narrated and perceived time. Thus it can show that reparations function as the primary vehicle for recognition due to their rephrasing power. Though they cannot undo the irreparable, they are capable to change the narrative about the past. The case study chosen to prove this point are the German reparations to Israel and to the Claims Conference from 1950 to 1990. The method applied is critical hermeneutics, so the case is not only interpreted in order to understand the motivations for these very reparations but also to justify the principal of reparations in general. The German reparations are first related to the theories of recognition. The claims of the victims are identified as a struggle for recognition, while the reactions of the perpetrators are described as a journey towards the recognition of responsibility. Then the functioning of recognition is specified through a detailed study of the different forms that reparations have taken over time. The 1950s were the years of civil justice, i.e. of monetary reparations. This form of recognition was characterized by an elliptic way of telling the events. In the 1960s, criminal justice took the place, and made a more specific narration of the past possible thanks to the testimonies and verdicts. In the 1970s and 1980s, symbolic acts, essentially narrative, predominated. To sum up, each form of recognition constitutes its distinct mode of telling the past and modifies as a consequence the perception of time. This power to reformulate is an answer to the irreparable.
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Submitted on : Monday, April 11, 2022 - 5:10:05 PM
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Joëlle Hecker. Les temps et les modes de la reconnaissance politique : la RFA, Israël et la Claims Conference (1950-1990). Science politique. Institut d'études politiques de Paris - Sciences Po, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014IEPP0008⟩. ⟨tel-03637589⟩



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