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Theses

Les origines des inégalités scolaires : contribution à l’étude des trajectoires scolaires des enfants d’immigrés en France et en Angleterre

Abstract : Breaking with the simplistic link between children of immigrants and academic underachievement, I aim at describing and explaining the diverse academic trajectories of children of immigrants in France and England. As my main analytical framework, I conceive of migration as a discontinuity in the socialization of immigrants and emphasize the resources passed on to children within their families, communities and schools. My empirical sources consist of several large-scale quantitative surveys and nearly a hundred biographical interviews in both countries. I describe the shape of academic hierarchies in France and England, and examine the position of different groups of children of immigrants and natives within them. This empirical analysis shows the great magnitude of academic heterogeneity within the “second generation”. Statistical and qualitative analyses of the pre-migration experiences and social characteristics of immigrant parents, as well as the study of various socialization processes in the destination society, can help explain this academic heterogeneity. Overall, this research lends support to sociological analyses based on immigrants’ social position and related resources to explain the academic trajectories of their children, on the condition that these positions and resources be redefined to take into account the double status of parents as emigrants from their country of origin and immigrants in the society in which their children attend school.
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https://hal-sciencespo.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03636715
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Submitted on : Monday, April 11, 2022 - 10:14:58 AM
Last modification on : Friday, April 15, 2022 - 2:42:54 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-03636715, version 1

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Mathieu Ichou. Les origines des inégalités scolaires : contribution à l’étude des trajectoires scolaires des enfants d’immigrés en France et en Angleterre. Sociologie. Institut d'études politiques de Paris - Sciences Po, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014IEPP0045⟩. ⟨tel-03636715⟩

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