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Les fous de Joinville : une histoire sociale de la psychiatrie dans l’Algérie coloniale (1933-1962)

Abstract : Until the end of the 1950s, the hospital of Blida-Joinville (HPB) was the only public psychiatric institution in colonial Algeria. Between its opening in 1933 and the end of the war of independence in 1962, the HPB admitted more than 11,000 Algerian and European patients of both sexes. Over the same period, it employed several thousand nurses, as well as around forty psychiatrists. By focusing at the same time on the psychiatric institution, on the medical and caregiving staffs and on the patients, this dissertation offers a social history of Algerian psychiatry. It seeks to answer the following question: what was specifically colonial about the psychiatry practiced in Algeria between 1933 and 1962? The HPB was neither totally similar to nor completely different from its metropolitan and colonial counterparts. Drawing on local press and psychiatric publications, as well as patient files and hospital documents, this dissertation challenges the idea of a simple transfer of metropolitan practices and shows permanent adaptations in the colonial context. The HPB appears as a hybrid space as well as a deeply unequal microcosm. Presented as a symbol of therapeutic and colonial modernity, the institution is also a tool for maintaining colonial order. It reproduces within its walls the inequalities of race, gender and class from the outside world. Ultimately, the history of the psychiatric institution sheds light “from the margins” on the rules of Algerian colonial society.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 5, 2022 - 9:54:06 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 6, 2022 - 3:27:16 AM

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Paul Marquis. Les fous de Joinville : une histoire sociale de la psychiatrie dans l’Algérie coloniale (1933-1962). Histoire. Institut d'études politiques de Paris - Sciences Po, 2021. Français. ⟨NNT : 2021IEPP0039⟩. ⟨tel-03630527⟩



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