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Una politica sociale di riabilitazione: storia transnazionale della legittimazione del diritto all'assistenza (Italia e Francia, 1944-70)

Abstract : This thesis analyses, in a cross transnational perspective between France and Italy, the transformations of public assistance policies between the end of the Second World War and the beginning of the 1970s. By looking at the construction of the right to assistance and its legitimation within social protection, the thesis shows the spreading of the principle of “rehabilitation” since the Second World War. This policy framework, which was developed during the New Deal, then promoted and disseminated by the post-war intergovernmental organisations, was readapted and applied in both the Italian and French political and administrative contexts. As an element of expansion and diversification of public policies of social assistance and social action, it became a catalyst for their renewal. The modalities of this transition of assistance from categorical divisions to universalism, from economic benefits to social action, from the guarantee of subsistence to attention to psycho-social welfare, from the objective of controlling public order to that of social reintegration and individual self-realisation, mark the stages of the legitimation of a subjective right to assistance and the re-articulation of the relations between public policies, civil society and individuals. Following an approach of social history of the state, capable of linking the political history of institutions and social worlds, the thesis takes into account the target groups of assistance, integrated progressively in the discourse of rehabilitation (refugees and returnees, shanty-towns residents and socially maladjusted). The aim is to contribute to another story of the "Glorious Thirty", including, through the analysis of public policies and administrative practices, the persistence of poverty and the gap between the reference to citizenship and the reference to work which was the basis of social insurance.
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https://hal-sciencespo.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03601635
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Submitted on : Tuesday, March 8, 2022 - 2:02:18 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, March 9, 2022 - 3:27:58 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-03601635, version 1

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Giacomo Canepa. Una politica sociale di riabilitazione: storia transnazionale della legittimazione del diritto all'assistenza (Italia e Francia, 1944-70). History. Institut d'études politiques de Paris - Sciences Po, 2021. Italian. ⟨NNT : 2021IEPP0031⟩. ⟨tel-03601635⟩

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