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Le sacrifice suprême, une approche critique de la construction d’un mythe : les officiers français et la mort pro patria dans le contexte du conflit en Afghanistan

Abstract : In 2005 the 1972 Statut général des militaires (General statute of military personnel) underwent a major revision: the addition of the consent to supreme sacrifice to the constraints of the profession of arms. This addition gives rise to a simple but essential question: why, given that sacrificing one’s life for the nation is the very essence of the military, is it necessary to add such an obligation in a legal document? From this simple question stem many other interrogations about the practice of supreme sacrifice and the norms surrounding it. Through the constructivist approach and using perspectives from different academic fields such as sociology, philosophy, history and international relations, this doctoral thesis aims at demonstrating that supreme sacrifice should not be imposed by a law. Showing that sacrifice is first and foremost a religious and economic practice built up against both a transcendence and the need for gratefulness, this work underlines that in the absence of these factors supreme sacrifice cannot be demanded. Furthermore, out of the framework of traditional wars the pro patria mori, initially legitimized by the need to defend the homeland, is no longer relevant. In order to support our point we will use the case of the intervention in Afghanistan, demonstrating how, in order to maintain the ideality of supreme sacrifice, it has been decided through a securitization process and presented in a misleading way as a war justified by the threat terrorism represents to liberal democracies.
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Emmanuel Goffi. Le sacrifice suprême, une approche critique de la construction d’un mythe : les officiers français et la mort pro patria dans le contexte du conflit en Afghanistan. Science politique. Institut d'études politiques de paris - Sciences Po, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015IEPP0041⟩. ⟨tel-03499610⟩

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