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Politiques des données urbaines : ce que l'open data fait au gouvernement urbain

Abstract : Analyzing open data policies, this thesis investigates the effect of the circulation of data on urban government. This political sociology of data, which analyses jointly the transformation of data and actors associated to them, highlights the pluralism of the politics of urban data. Based on an ethnographic investigation inside the Metropolis of Lyon, the thesis studies the open data policy in the making. In addition, 70 interviews, archive material and a partial comparison with North-American cities were used for the analyze. Following the chain of open data, the thesis emphasizes a tension between attachment and detachment. Attached to vast socio-technical networks, data must be detached from their initial environment to circulate, before being re-attached to new users. In order to do this, data undergo a series of trials. The uncertain outcome of these trials produce new agencements which question sectorial, institutional and territorial borders. That’s why, to maintain control on its public policies, the challenge for a local government is to manage to regulate the flows of data on its territory. Data thus become an issue that must be governed.
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Submitted on : Saturday, December 11, 2021 - 6:29:07 AM
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Antoine Courmont. Politiques des données urbaines : ce que l'open data fait au gouvernement urbain. Sociologie. Fondation nationale des sciences politiques, 2016. Français. ⟨tel-03475610⟩



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