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Theses

Crises de gouvernementalité et généalogie de l’État aux XXe et XXIe siècles : Recherche historico-philosophique sur les usages de la raison politique

Abstract : The thesis is made of two parts and analyzes at first the trajectory of the notion of “governmentality” in Michel Foucault’s courses at the Collège de France between 1976 and 1984 to develop a new analytical framework of political conflict through the reciprocal relationships between state practices and counter-conducts. Secondly, it puts this theoretical framework to the test of a series of empirical data to draw a genealogy of the State in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries from the viewpoint of an ethnology of truth telling within social practices. On variable areas, times and populations, it identifies four different regimes of veridiction/jurisdiction for governmental practices logically articulated some in the others by successive and reciprocal relationships: 1/ the social liberal regime of the res socialis in France from the 1890 to 1960s; 2/ the regime of the res nullius for the action committees in France in the 1968s ; 3/ the neoliberal regime of the res economica at the global scale since the 1970s; 4/ the regime of the res communis for the Coordinadora del agua and bolivian water committees in the 2000s. Each of these regimes involves a different experiment of the State in terms of degree and spaces of governmentality, of effects of state policies on the level of social inequalities between classes or on the degree of democratization of public life. It is thus to a historically differentiated evaluation of the State that invites the foucaultian method of analyzing the veridictions to which are indexed the governmental practices.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, December 1, 2021 - 10:08:15 AM
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Pierre Sauvêtre. Crises de gouvernementalité et généalogie de l’État aux XXe et XXIe siècles : Recherche historico-philosophique sur les usages de la raison politique. Science politique. Sciences Po - Institut d'études politiques de Paris, 2013. Français. ⟨tel-03460715⟩

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