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Les États providence sont aussi des États membres : Comparaison des logiques nationales de l’européanisation des politiques de l’emploi en France et au Portugal

Abstract : The literature on employment policies has mainly focused on national variables in order to explain change. This research studies the degree of openness of national boundaries in a European context. By adopting an interactionist approach of Europeanization, it first explains how European institutions have defined a model of flexicurity that combines flexibility on the labor markets and security for the workers, whereas these two characteristics have long been considered incompatible. Then the research compares the recent evolution of two social protection systems that did not fit with the flexicurity framework and have nevertheless implemented employment policy reforms in line with European requirements. To explain the link between European demands and national reforms, this research underlines two mechanisms. First, it shows that national spheres are embedded in a broader context that strengthens the competition between welfare models but has a different impact on national spheres (the “national delay issue” in Portugal and the “specificities of the French model” in France). Then, in both cases, the political and administrative actors have tried to depoliticize policy reforms by mobilizing academic expertise. The different modalities of expert interventions crucially influence trade unions’ capacities to participate in the framing of national reforms. All in all, the thesis shows that national boundaries are challenged but have not disappeared. Even though it becomes difficult for them to act independently, national political leaders tend to develop strategies to preserve their autonomy.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, December 1, 2021 - 10:03:03 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, March 26, 2022 - 3:28:42 AM

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Hélène Caune. Les États providence sont aussi des États membres : Comparaison des logiques nationales de l’européanisation des politiques de l’emploi en France et au Portugal. Science politique. Sciences Po - Institut d'études politiques de Paris, 2013. Français. ⟨tel-03460703⟩

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