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Migration DOM-métropole des années 1960 à nos jours : itinéraires d’une minorité française

Abstract : This thesis studies the relation between migration dynamics and social paths of migrants born in the French Overseas Departments (DOM) and living in mainland France. My research focuses on the demography of migration flows, labor market outcomes, as well as the role played by citizenship and ethno-racial boundaries. I follow a mixed-methods approach. On the one hand, I combine large datasets from surveys conducted in mainland France and the DOM, providing a long-term assessment of migration flows and migrants’ trajectories (the French Census from 1968 to 1999; the Labor Force Survey from 1982 to 2012; Trajectoires et Origines, 2008; Migration Family Ageing, 2012). On the other hand, I conducted 40 semi-directive interviews with overseas migrants living in the Paris area, focusing mainly on public servants. My results show the impact of public policies promoting migration on flows’ growth, structure, and selection. Looking at the crossed effect of policies, economic context, and family dynamics, my analysis reveals how migrants balance economic, emotional, and normative concerns. The intermediary position of overseas migrants – positioned between the majority population and international migrants – plays at objective and subjective levels. The combined effects of their racial categorization as Black, the within-variations related to perceptions of their skin color, and the legitimacy granted by their long-held French citizenship, shapes their socioeconomic and symbolic positions within the French social stratification.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, November 30, 2021 - 5:27:05 PM
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Marine Haddad. Migration DOM-métropole des années 1960 à nos jours : itinéraires d’une minorité française. Sociologie. Sciences Po - Institut d'études politiques de Paris, 2018. Français. ⟨tel-03457847⟩



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