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The localization of caste politics in Uttar Pradesh after Mandal and Mandir : reconfiguration of identity politics and party-elite linkages

Abstract : This dissertation focuses on the transformations of electoral politics in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, afte period of crystallization and politicization of caste and religious-based identities. The dissertation studies evolution of a number of political indicators to reveal profound changes in the ways parties and candidates mobi voters. It is observed notably that the horizontal forms of caste-based mobilization that characterized much of politics of the state have receded in favour of local arrangements between parties, candidates and local social grou This leads the caste variable to become more deeply embedded into the political sphere, but locally.The main argument of this dissertation is the local embeddedness of caste took place in deep connection with th local economical context. The prosopography of candidates and elected representatives of the state assembly in 2 and 2012 reveals that parties tend to not only choose their candidates according to their ascriptive identity, but a following their inscription in local dominating economic networks. A political ethnography conducted across state confirms the existence of a process of integration or congruence of political, social and economic elites. Th the social composition of the state assembly tends to be both heterogeneous in terms of caste and homogeneou terms of economic background. This questions the emancipatory character or potential of caste-based mobilizat and representation.
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Gilles Verniers. The localization of caste politics in Uttar Pradesh after Mandal and Mandir : reconfiguration of identity politics and party-elite linkages. Political science. Institut d'études politiques de paris - Sciences Po, 2016. English. ⟨NNT : 2016IEPP0043⟩. ⟨tel-03455169⟩

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