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"Travayè an larila - Les travailleurs sont dans la rue" : syndicalisme et protestation en Guadeloupe et en Martinique

Abstract : In January 2009, a general strike, that would last 44 days, broke out following the call of the Liyannaj Kont Pwofitasyon (“Unite against exploitation”) in Guadeloupe and of the Kolectif 5 Févrié (“Collective of February 5th”) in Martinique. Those two coalitions led by union leaders sought to mobilize the local population against the high cost of living in the Antilles, insisting on the unequal and colonial dimensions of this phenomenon. The first part of this work tackles the genesis of unionism in the Antilles: first by describing the influence of May 1968 events on the anticolonial youth in those islands; then by analyzing the trajectories of the anticolonial activists who turned toward unionism at the end the 1970s. The second part of the dissertation is dedicated to the study of contemporary union’s political culture, throughout the analysis of four organizations: the Union Générale des Travailleurs de la Guadeloupe (UGTG), the Confédération Générale du Travail (CGTG and CGTM), and the Confédération Démocratique des Travailleurs de Martinique (CDMT). More specifically, it will uncover the way separatism and the various branches of the far-left succeed in imposing and maintaining their political options while dealing with the diversity of the constituents that the unions serve. The third part will focus on the situation of widespread social unrest, which emerged as a result of the 2009 general strike. It will analyze the coalition work of the various protesting groups, the collective bargaining with local authorities and the dynamics of conflict radicalization.
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Pierre Odin. "Travayè an larila - Les travailleurs sont dans la rue" : syndicalisme et protestation en Guadeloupe et en Martinique. Science politique. Institut d'études politiques de paris - Sciences Po, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017IEPP0027⟩. ⟨tel-03436405⟩

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