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La croyance et le désir : une approche tardienne des conflits hydriques

Abstract : Our doctoral dissertation explores two anomalies regarding the theories of transboundary water interactions. Lake Victoria, where all material, economic and environmental conditions are given for conflict and yet cooperation is achieved. And Uruguay River, where a solid institutional regime existed and the environmental conditions were optimal, yet the cooperation was cracked and the conflict broke out. To elucidate the riddle of these cases, instead of examining the political and institutional aspects of these basins, as some approaches do, or the physical ones, as do others, we propose a different path. Our approach is to look at what gives rise to the actions of agents interacting with their environment, namely human nature and the functioning of the brain. In order to conduct this query, we relay on three axes. The first one is that of the interviews we conducted in Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Argentina and Uruguay. The second is the sociology of Gabriel Tarde, which invites to an updated continuation of a research project of the social, that allows the integration of scientific developments regarding biological, evolutionary and cognitive aspects of humans. The third axis is that of neuroscience, which confirms several intuitions of Gabriel Tarde, and makes it possible to better understand the aspects referring to the human nature in its interaction with society and the environment. Our investigation shows how the dynamics of conflict and cooperation converge into the human consciousness, as the key that, beyond any given environmental situation, allows humans to actualize innumerable potentialities.
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Leonardo Orlando. La croyance et le désir : une approche tardienne des conflits hydriques. Science politique. Institut d'études politiques de paris - Sciences Po, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020IEPP0004⟩. ⟨tel-03408588⟩

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