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L'organisation de marchés incertains : Sociologie économique des mondes de la pige et de l'art dramatique

Abstract : The purpose of the thesis is to examine market organization processes in a context of high-level uncertainty and ambiguities on the nature of exchanged goods. Such “uncertain” markets are said to have brought the idealtype of fordist labor exchange to an end and replaced it by brief and fleeting relations with multiple employers. The cases of French “intermittent” actors and free-lance journalists are here investigated in order to question this hypothesis. Economic sociology provides tools to carry out the analysis of these professional worlds. Eventually, the examination of markets through the lens of exchange relationships is proved relevant. These relations first reflect market structures. The attempts to perform their social constructions, with various outcomes in these worlds, reveals patterns of segmentation-related market organizations. Temporalities of exchange relations may also be understood with reference to the position employers hold in a system of linked markets and to the degree of confusion regarding the nature of exchanged goods – either labour or products. Exchange relations also shape markets. Especially, uncertain markets host at least two relations regimes and the more individuals are committed in recurrent relationships, the more competitive constraints loosen: predictability and organizations are then brought into individual activity. By blurring the boundaries between organizations and markets and making their structure more complex, the existence of such an expected relations regime also raises questions about the very market structures and complicates the design of market segmentation.
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Olivier Pilmis. L'organisation de marchés incertains : Sociologie économique des mondes de la pige et de l'art dramatique. Sociologie. École des hautes études en sciences sociales, 2008. Français. ⟨tel-01535530⟩



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