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La protection des civils par les opérations de maintien de la paix de l’ONU : Le cas de la MONUC/MONUSCO en République démocratique du Congo (1999-2015)

Abstract : The failures of UN peacekeeping operations in Rwanda and Bosnia greatly eroded the aura of Blue helmets, appearing as helpless witnesses of massacres and atrocities. Nevertheless, since 1999, “protection of civilians” went through an institutional expansion and normalization within the UN, both in doctrine and practice. The Security Council and the Secretariat raised it as the priority task of peace operations, and engaged in a critical development of the concept of protection of civilians. The United Nations Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUC, then MONUSCO), which has been the laboratory for practices of protection for the last 15 years, displayed a remarkable hyperactivity to protect people. Various specific tools and mechanisms were developed in order to strengthen the Mission capability to respond to protection needs. Similarly, UN peacekeepers proved that they could handle a large range of operational practices to protect civilians, from simple deterrent presence to offensive operations against armed groups. This thesis demonstrates the conceptual and practical evolutions that occurred, and clarifies the factors that influence the concrete implementation of this protection policy, now central to UN peacekeeping. It explores the institutional dynamics and the political dynamics that both delineate the outline of the practice of protection, and that can reduce or increase their efficiency.
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Submitted on : Friday, February 3, 2017 - 9:45:12 AM
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Namie Di Razza. La protection des civils par les opérations de maintien de la paix de l’ONU : Le cas de la MONUC/MONUSCO en République démocratique du Congo (1999-2015). Science politique. Institut d'Études Politiques de Paris, 2016. Français. ⟨tel-01454840⟩

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