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Theses

L'évaluation, un objet politique : le cas d'étude de l'aide au développement

Abstract : This thesis analyses the construction and propagation of a best practice of the evaluation in the development aid sector. From a historical perspective, the author studies how, between 1960s and 2000s, evaluation went from being a marginal practice of development aid bodies to being a compulsory part of aid programs. The author then conducts a sociological study of the role played evaluators within the international system of development aid. She studies their influence over the other participants of this system, as well as their capacity in legitimising and in diffusing their expertise. She highlights how evaluators professionalise themselves by creating “practice communities” in the North and in the South. Finally the author looks at the consequences that the “downgrading” stemming from evaluation have on actors who take part in development aid in the North and South. She analyses how evaluation -- by creating a value judgment on the development policies of both donors and beneficiaries -- results in creating competition among these actors and in the discrimination of those that are least performing – a performance itself subjectively determined. The author’s aim is to show that evaluation is a political tool, in that its use is determined by the political environment in which it is conducted, and where it then influences the policies of development aid donors and beneficiaries.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, June 17, 2015 - 7:00:32 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, April 19, 2022 - 10:10:39 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, April 25, 2017 - 11:09:01 AM

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Camille Laporte. L'évaluation, un objet politique : le cas d'étude de l'aide au développement. Science politique. Institut d'études politiques de Paris - Sciences Po, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015IEPP0013⟩. ⟨tel-01164807⟩

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