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Polarized Political Communication, Oppositional Media Hostility, and Selective Exposure

Abstract : Previous research has consistently documented a hostile media effect in which people see bias in balanced reporting on political controversies. In the contemporary fragmented media environment, partisan news outlets intentionally report political news from ideological perspectives, raising the possibility that ideologically biased news may cause viewers to become increasingly suspicious of and antagonistic toward news media—which we call oppositional media hostility. However, the fragmented media environment also gives television viewers ample opportunities to tune out news outlets with which they disagree as well as the news altogether, and this should moderate oppositional media hostility. We investigate the effects of partisan news shows on media perceptions across six laboratory-based experiments. We find that counterattitudinal news programming is more likely to induce hostile media perceptions than proattitudinal programming, but that the presence of choice blunts oppositional media hostility. We explore possible mechanisms that underlie the moderating effects of selective exposure.
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https://hal-sciencespo.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03635153
Contributor : Hélène Saint-Gal Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, April 8, 2022 - 11:43:07 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, November 29, 2022 - 12:04:07 PM

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Kevin Arceneaux, Martin Johnson, Chad Murphy. Polarized Political Communication, Oppositional Media Hostility, and Selective Exposure. Journal of Politics, 2012, 74 (1), pp.174-186. ⟨10.1017/S002238161100123X⟩. ⟨hal-03635153⟩

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