HAL will be down for maintenance from Friday, June 10 at 4pm through Monday, June 13 at 9am. More information
Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Global Income Divergence, Trade, and Industrialization: The Geography of Growth Take-Offs

Abstract : This article formalizes the theoretical interconnections among four post–industrial revolution phenomena—the industrialization and growth take-off of rich northern nations, massive global income divergence, and rapid trade expansion. In stages-of-growth model, the four phenomena are jointly endogenous and are triggered by falling trade costs. In the first growth stage (with high trade costs) industry is dispersed internationally, and growth is low. In the second (medium trade costs), the North industrializes rapidly, growth take-off, and the South diverges. In the third (low trade costs), highgrowth and global divergence become self-sustaining. In the fourth stage, when the cases of "trading'' ideas decreases, the South quickly industrializes and converges.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadata

Contributor : Spire Sciences Po Institutional Repository Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, March 15, 2022 - 2:28:58 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, March 16, 2022 - 3:28:15 AM


  • HAL Id : hal-03609282, version 1
  • SCIENCESPO : 2441/9382



Gianmarco Ottaviano, Richard Baldwin, Philippe Martin. Global Income Divergence, Trade, and Industrialization: The Geography of Growth Take-Offs. Journal of Economic Growth, Springer Verlag, 2001. ⟨hal-03609282⟩



Record views