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Pour une appréhension nuancée de l'extraterritorialité du droit américain : Quelques réflexions autour des procédures et sanctions visant Alstom et BNP Paribas

Abstract : Like Alstom and BNP Paribas, several European companies have been prosecuted in recent years in the United States for having infringed anti-corruption laws (FCPA) and US regulations related to international embargoes. Those proceedings have sparked vivid criticism abroad both for the sometimes-exorbitant amount of monetary penalties applied as well as their extraterritorial dimension insofar as they targeted activities conducted outside US territory and involving non-US persons. Instinctively perceived as unreasonable or excessive, US extraterritoriality – manifesting itself through new devices (use of US dollar, content on the Internet routed through network or servers located within the US) – needs to be evaluated differently when it concerns the implementation of embargo measures or anti-corruption laws since the latter can rely on international rules extending the jurisdiction of States for the prosecution of these offences. The responses that can be given to this more offensive extraterritoriality also differ depending on whether it concerns unilateral sanctions or corruption. Within this framework, it is also useful to examine the procedures of “negotiated justice” practiced in the US through which those sanctions have been imposed.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, February 15, 2022 - 10:00:27 AM
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Régis Bismuth. Pour une appréhension nuancée de l'extraterritorialité du droit américain : Quelques réflexions autour des procédures et sanctions visant Alstom et BNP Paribas. Annuaire français de droit international, 2016, pp.785 - 807. ⟨hal-03574339⟩

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