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Comparer l’incomparable : la classe moyenne en Chine et en France

Abstract : This article adopts a constructivist approach to compare the emergence of the middle class in contemporary China (1995-2015) and in France during the 30-year post war boom (1945-1975). In the two societies, a relatively long period of economic growth has triggered a series of deep changes : sharp increase in living standards ; rise of white-collar jobs ; growing number of university students ; emergence of a consumer society. At the same time, scholars, journalists, offi cials, politicians have claimed that a new class was emerging, which symbolizes and boosts the modernization process. However, by comparing two societies in two different periods of time, the objective of this article is not only to point out the similarities but also to highlight how a comparable phenomenon - the rise of the notion of “middle class” - had varied consequences depending on the historical background.
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Submitted on : Saturday, February 12, 2022 - 4:05:50 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, June 21, 2022 - 2:08:22 PM

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Jean-Louis Rocca. Comparer l’incomparable : la classe moyenne en Chine et en France. Sociétés politiques comparées, Fonds d'analyse des sociétés politiques, 2016, 39 (mai-août). ⟨hal-03567714⟩

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