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Do Some Countries Discriminate More than Others? Evidence from 97 Field Experiments of Racial Discrimination in Hiring

Abstract : Comparing levels of discrimination across countries can provide a window into large-scalesocial and political factors often described as the root of discrimination. Because of difficulties inmeasurement, however, little is established about variation in hiring discrimination across countries.We address this gap through a formal meta-analysis of 97 field experiments of discriminationincorporating more than 200,000 job applications in nine countries in Europe and North America. Wefind significant discrimination against nonwhite natives in all countries in our analysis; discriminationagainst white immigrants is present but low. However, discrimination rates vary strongly by country:In high-discrimination countries, white natives receive nearly twice the callbacks of nonwhites; inlow-discrimination countries, white natives receive about 25 percent more. France has the highestdiscrimination rates, followed by Sweden. We find smaller differences among Great Britain, Canada,Belgium, the Netherlands, Norway, the United States, and Germany. These findings challenge severalconventional macro-level theories of discrimination.
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Submitted on : Friday, February 11, 2022 - 7:47:20 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, February 12, 2022 - 3:46:14 AM

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Ole Hexel, Lincoln Quillian, Anthony Heath, Devah Pager, Arnfinn Midtbøen, et al.. Do Some Countries Discriminate More than Others? Evidence from 97 Field Experiments of Racial Discrimination in Hiring. Sociological Science, 2019, ⟨10.15195/v6.a18⟩. ⟨hal-03567078⟩

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