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Crédit social. Spécificité chinoise ou processus de modernisation ?

Abstract : Social Credit. Chinese Specificity or Process of Modernisation? -- The Chinese “social credit system” (shehui xinyong tixi 社会信用体系) has been the subject of much speculation in the press. From a few isolated facts or initiatives, the media have turned it into a vast political project of the Chinese government aimed at controlling all aspects of the behavior of Chinese citizens. Based on the reading of recent academic works and thanks to a survey carried out among a number of informants, this paper tries to show that the objective is rather to encourage citizens to behave better, and to introduce practices that facilitate transactions between individuals, companies and administrations. Social credit demonstrates an attempt to use “modern” methods of social control which, under the guise of providing well-being and security to the population, stigmatizes certain populations and promotes certain practices with the support of the majority. As in democratic societies, but without democratic dressing, there is a will to establish a certain moral order which can be more effective than the use of mere violence.
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Jean-Louis Rocca. Crédit social. Spécificité chinoise ou processus de modernisation ?. Sociétés politiques comparées, Fonds d'analyse des sociétés politiques, 2020. ⟨hal-03566623⟩

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