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L’idée de démocratie autoritaire : Quelques réflexions

Abstract : Some reflections about the concept of authoritarian democracy. If authoritarian democracy looks like a self-destructing concept, however it is near to Tocqueville’s thought arguing that democracy is not a guarantee per se for freedom ; in the History, Athenian democracy is rich of authoritarian elements such as political, social and moral surveillance, obligation of denunciation, members of the Assembly under permanent pressure, etc. It is well known that the people, said to be the sovereign, in fact cannot rule : the criticism soon appears in Bossuet or Guizot’s publications. Here lies the problem of the identity between the leaders and the people, the source of a fallacious but compelling aspiration. When such a desire increases, the legitimacy of authoritarian powers grows more and more. What wants the authoritarian leader is to sweep away the mediations and balances of power, for the celebration of the identity between masses and the State. Concerning now the totalitarian system, the motto is that the whole people has entered the State, so that the most dangerous enemy lies in the individual and his judging capacity. In fact, the authoritarian features are not outside the democratic spirit when it becomes proud of the limitless power through the participation of the masses. Constitutionalist limitations are some possible sources of moderation in so far as citizens have learned that the representation process is not a mirror of identification. It is through Otherness that people can be self-governing. From a philosophical point of view, freedom nurtured by symbols of otherness perishes in the magnifying mirror of the Leader.
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Submitted on : Thursday, December 23, 2021 - 4:56:19 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 18, 2022 - 11:44:04 AM

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Lucien Jaume. L’idée de démocratie autoritaire : Quelques réflexions. Jus politicum. Revue de droit politique, Dalloz, 2021, pp.9-15. ⟨hal-03501765⟩

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