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L’État britannique recomposé par le Brexit : Global Britain or Centralised England ?

Abstract : Following in the footsteps of a number of comparative studies on statehood in Europe, this article highlights, interprets, and attempts to explain the dynamics governing the reconfiguration of the British State in the wake of Brexit. These dynamics have operated against a decade-long backdrop of austerity and then the explosion of the Covid-19 pandemic. Leaving the European Union (EU) raised a number of existential questions for the United Kingdom. This article will first describe the consequences of Brexit on the institutions, government, and policies of the United Kingdom, with the latter’s exit from the EU leading to the country’s “de-Europeanization“ – or at the very least, to another kind of Europeanization. Secondly, this process has produced a re-nationalization of political authority, with power increasingly being centralized in England to the detriment of other territories and the judicial system as a whole. Ultimately, Brexit poses a challenge to the British conception of statehood and opens the door to conservative political entrepreneurs who are keen to propose another model : a State that is centralized, English, neoliberal, and globalized.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, January 4, 2022 - 11:23:44 AM
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Patrick Le Galès. L’État britannique recomposé par le Brexit : Global Britain or Centralised England ?. Revue Francaise de Science Politique, Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politiques, 2021, 71 (4), pp.575-598. ⟨10.3917/rfsp.714.0575⟩. ⟨hal-03488404⟩



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