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Social Citizenship in the Gulf Monarchies: Beyond the Rentier State Paradigm

Abstract : The Gulf states (Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates and Oman), united since 1981 in the framework of the Gulf Cooperation Council, include the world’s most generous welfare states (Kuwait, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates). In these countries, citizenship has been constructed first and foremost as a set of social rights in a context where civil liberties are restricted and political participation is not always absent but rather limited. Gulf states can be described as authoritarian welfare states because in these countries social protection plays a key role in the regulation of state-society relations and thus in the reproduction of the authoritarian social order. In this paper I analyse the role of labour policy in social protection, understood as institutional mechanisms that alleviate harsh market dynamics (decommodification). I end with some reflections about how the dominance of the rentier paradigm in the scholarship about the political economy of Gulf states obscures rather than illuminates the working of Gulf social authoritarianism.
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https://hal-sciencespo.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03479392
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Submitted on : Tuesday, December 14, 2021 - 12:16:31 PM
Last modification on : Friday, July 8, 2022 - 11:45:12 AM

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  • HAL Id : hal-03479392, version 1

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Laurence Louer. Social Citizenship in the Gulf Monarchies: Beyond the Rentier State Paradigm. Les Dossiers du CERI, 2021, Décembre 2021, pp.en ligne. ⟨hal-03479392⟩

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