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La société civile redécouverte : Quelques perspectives françaises

Abstract : The aim of this paper is to explain how the words “civil society” are progressively adopted in the French political and scientific vocabulary. That is why it is a review of the French literature for some disciplines: history, political science, sociology, foreign policy, political philosophy. After a short panorama of the successive uses in the French public debate, the paper focuses on four questions : the renewal of the political and economical historiography that has integrated civil society problematic for the study of the two last centuries, discussing especially the classical approach of Tocqueville; the sociological approach on lobbies, particularly to the scale of European Union; the studies on civil societies in foreign countries, above all in the situation of democratisation, and international civil society; finally and more briefly, we show French particularities in the link between the State and civil society. This paper wants to understand the persistent misunderstandings in the French uses of this notion. If there is a lot of difficulties of use this in international comparisons, it could be use efficiently if civil society is clearly defined.
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Alain Chatriot. La société civile redécouverte : Quelques perspectives françaises. 2009. ⟨hal-03476087⟩



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