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Le gaullisme des hauts fonctionnaires, 1958-1974

Abstract : Gaullism in the Senior Civil Service between 1958 and 1974 was not prevalent. The use of empirical data banks shows that the senior civil servants were less interested in Gaullism in 1958 than in the left or the center. After 1958, the proportion of MPs coming from the senior civil service was about the same as that coming from the Centrists and the Socialists. Contrary to what has often been argued, the “bureaucratization of politics” in the Fifth Republic was not the work of the senior civil servants. Moreover, the Gaullist approach was to grant a lot of autonomy to the different departments and so the civil servants did not play party politics, preferring to focus on their professionalism. The prosopographic study of the Prefects as well as the “Inspectorate of Finances” shows that the Gaullist involvement was very limited. The senior civil servants used Gaullism to advance their social power.
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Luc Rouban. Le gaullisme des hauts fonctionnaires, 1958-1974. Vingtième siècle. Revue d'histoire, Presses de Sciences Po, 2012, pp.37 - 51. ⟨10.3917/vin.116.0037⟩. ⟨hal-03473954⟩

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