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L'horizon du spectateur équitable : un modèle pour comprendre l'opinion

Abstract : Opinions derive from personal interest, but also from a moral point of view which may be grasped by examining the position of a spectator who, neither in favor of that actor nor that particular conception of what a good life is, tries to judge the situation put before him or her fairly. This is what can be concluded from the analysis of a survey (DREES/IFOP, 2000) of opinions on the welfare state and its programs. Overall, and in particular for opinions on the French state’s minimum revenue program (Revenue Minimum d’Insertion [minimum revenue for integration]), it can be affirmed that when personal interest is no longer at stake, indeed, the less it is, the stronger the fair spectator’s voice makes itself heard. His/her justifications are effective for the simple reason that they are based on arguments that can be endorsed by all. In other words, they are objective.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, December 8, 2021 - 11:39:06 PM
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Michel Forse, Maxime Parodi. L'horizon du spectateur équitable : un modèle pour comprendre l'opinion. Année Sociologique, 2002, 52 (1), pp.15 - 81. ⟨10.3917/anso.021.0015⟩. ⟨hal-03471732⟩



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