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Reports (Research Report) Year : 2020

Authoritarian Response to the Pandemic - Iran

Abstract

Crisis management has always been a central tool in the survival strategy of Iranian political elites since their rise to power after the Islamic Revolution of 1979. From the First Gulf War (1980–1988) to structural hostility with Washington and Tel Aviv through the recurrent repression of social movements such as the student revolt of 1999 or the Green Movement of 2009, the authoritarian regime of the Islamic Republic seems to be fueled by crises. The management of crisis is designed to justify the restriction of the scope of civil rights of Iranian citizens in the name of Khomeinist ideals. Can the COVID-19 crisis lead to the strengthening of the institutions of the Islamic Republic or, on the contrary, after a short-term anti-protest effect linked to the fear of the spread of the virus within the Iranian population, can we expect a weakening of the regime of the Islamic Republic on the internal and regional fronts? In addition, one should wonder about a possible specificity of the political response of the authoritarian states towards COVID-19 starting from the Iranian example. In other words, are there any ideological convergences between Iran, Russia, and China and to what extent does the health challenge reveal similar questions between authoritarian states and democratic societies?
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Dates and versions

hal-03471086 , version 1 (08-12-2021)

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Clément Therme. Authoritarian Response to the Pandemic - Iran. [Research Report] Free Russia Foundation. 2020, pp.27 - 37. ⟨hal-03471086⟩
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