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Comment une chimère est devenue une politique internationale : l’arène de la « paix positive »

Abstract : Peacebuilding and positive peace, as opposed to the usual modalities of peace intervention, has founded an international arena. Initiatives undertaken in this context bypass government elites to foster dialogue and build bridges between ordinary people at the local level. Compared to what the social sciences know about war and peace, they seem to be wishful thinking. How, then, can we explain their diffusion since the end of the Cold War ? Analyzing a diversity of non-governmental organizations understood as links in a chain of intervention, we show that this arena was not born either from an imperialist project or from a militant counter-project. This a priori naïve proposition gets its strength and its capacity to structure international interventions, on the one hand, from local causes, and on the other hand, from the mutual constitution of the academic space and of international peace policies. These projections, encounters and interdependencies turn wishes into reality.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, December 8, 2021 - 12:16:10 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, September 27, 2022 - 1:26:18 PM

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Sandrine Lefranc. Comment une chimère est devenue une politique internationale : l’arène de la « paix positive ». Critique Internationale, Presses de sciences po, 2021, Le gouvernement international de la violence légitime, 3 (92), ⟨10.3917/crii.092.0098⟩. ⟨hal-03470532⟩

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