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Du « fardeau migratoire » au fardeau des migrants. L’exil à Malte ou la condition d’entre-emplois

Abstract : Confronted to a “migration burden” believed to be unbearable by authorities, Malta appears as one of the emblematic places of the exclusion of persons in exile in Europe. But the relegation of the undesirables, isolated in the remote “open centers” of the island does not equate to their mere removal from the local economy and society. Studying the circulations between state institutions where asylum seekers are placed and the daily organization of informal labor in the island, the contribution explores the ambivalences between the formation of migrant labor and the formation of migrant exclusion, between the doctrine of the “migration burden” and the actual burden that migrants have to carry. The article highlights how asylum seekers are turned into the workforce of what I call the “employment in-between” filling the interstices formed by a capitalism in which punctual, changing and ephemeral needs require to find at disposal a population which is constantly waiting, labor force always mobilizable and de-mobilizable.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, December 8, 2021 - 11:15:44 AM
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Lucas Puygrenier. Du « fardeau migratoire » au fardeau des migrants. L’exil à Malte ou la condition d’entre-emplois. Revue Europeenne des Migrations Internationales, Université de Poitiers, 2021, 37 (1-2), pp.43-66. ⟨10.4000/remi.18055⟩. ⟨hal-03470366⟩



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