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Nationaliser la Shoah ? Les enjeux identitaires des controverses bulgaro-macédoniennes sur l'histoire

Abstract : This article examines the historiographical and memory-related controversies that divided “memory entrepreneurs,” historians, and political elites of Macedonia and Bulgaria on the seventieth anniversary of the events of March 1943. It argues that these disputes need to be set against the background of competitive efforts to nationalize the past of the Holocaust. In both countries, the destruction of the Jews has progressively been incorporated into rival national narratives. Meanwhile Jewish fates were turned into metaphors of the heroic virtues and sufferings of the titular nations. The recent acrimony displayed by these disputes, however, needs to be related to three factors. It proceeds first from the crystallization, around the war, of issues concerning the post-Communist reinterpretations of national histories and the structuring of political cleavages. Second, the controversies reflect painstaking attempts at reshaping the symbolic cartography of the Holocaust and at renegotiating the writing of history. In this process, the Jewish communities living in the Balkans or established in Israel and the United States have taken an active role. The transnationalization of the controversies and the nationalization of history have thereby become twin processes. Finally, the intensity of the present quarrel cannot be dissociated from the wider transformations in European and international regimes of memory and the referential value accorded to the Holocaust in these regimes.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, December 8, 2021 - 11:04:23 AM
Last modification on : Friday, March 25, 2022 - 3:59:00 AM

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Nadège Ragaru. Nationaliser la Shoah ? Les enjeux identitaires des controverses bulgaro-macédoniennes sur l'histoire. Nadège Ragaru; Nadège Ragaru. La Shoah en Europe du Sud-Est. Les Juifs en Bulgarie et dans les territoires sous administration bulgare (1941-1944), Les publications du Mémorial de la Shoah, pp.138 - 161, 2014. ⟨hal-03470339⟩

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