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Différenciation sociale et scolaire du territoire : inégalités et configurations locales

Abstract : Distribution of school provision in the greater Paris metropolitan area, including availability of certain courses and study programs, is strongly correlated with the social profiles of the different localities and corresponds to sharp disparities. The highly diversified, attractive school options in localities whose residents are highly privileged in socio-economic and occupational terms stands in contrast to the less diversified educational resources, including fewer course and study program options, and reduced private school presence in more markedly working-class municipalities. Different approaches to school choice are strongly linked to parents’ socio-economic status but do not amount merely to practices for avoiding stigmatized middle schools in working-class localities. Those approaches make sense when considered in relation to what may be tightly circumscribed social and school environments and differentiated social positions and demands. The results presented here call into question the effectiveness of school districting rules in France aimed at regulating the social profile of middle schools as long as the space considered doesn’t correspond to effective school practices of each social category.
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Marco Oberti. Différenciation sociale et scolaire du territoire : inégalités et configurations locales. Sociétés contemporaines, Presses de Sciences Po, 2005, pp.13 - 42. ⟨hal-03462251⟩



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