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Des institutrices pour les garçons : la féminisation de l’enseignement primaire en France des années 1880 aux années 1920

Abstract : Françoise Mayeur highlighted the lasting French contradiction between a very real recognition of the role of women in the effort to educate the nation alongside the persistence in both education and society of a general conception reflecting the dominance of men and an attachment to maintaining this dominance. This article contributes to this argument by examining the place of women in primary education with particular reference to the situation in which their pupils were boys. The reasons for this increasing feminine presence are analyzed: a shortage of male candidates, the acceptance of the less desirable posts by women who only had a school certificate, needs arising from the laws separating the Church and the State, the mobilisation for war of school masters between 1914 and 1918. Even if salary parity in 1919 was a noteworthy advance in the history of women in France, it did not prevent, until the mid-1930s, the administration of Public Instruction from continuing to regard the “feminization” of the profession as a phenomenon linked to the contemporary social conjecture or as an unfortunate tendency.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, December 1, 2021 - 4:01:06 PM
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Jean-François Chanet. Des institutrices pour les garçons : la féminisation de l’enseignement primaire en France des années 1880 aux années 1920. Histoire de l’éducation , ENS Editions, 2007, pp.171 - 193. ⟨hal-03462049⟩

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