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Tocqueville face au thème de la « nouvelle aristocratie » : la difficile naissance des partis en France

Abstract : The theme of the "new aristocracy" addressed by Tocqueville. On the obstacles to the development of French political parties "New aristocracy" is an omnipresent notion in 19th c. French political culture. It is also an explanatory factor for the weak and reluctant process of creating political parties. For a long time, political groups and writers confused three issues: the governing class, the election process, the new sociability required by post-revolutionary French atomism. As can be seen in the polemics between Guizot and Tocqueville, the "new aristocracy" was a confused means to address these three problems. Tocqueville himself refuted the very notion, but did not create the modern party system. Ernest Duvergier de Hauranne conceived of parties as a means of planning policy, mobilising the electorate, and generating local elites who are, conversely, the willing agents of the political program the party decided. In studying America (1866) and Great Britain (1868), he distances himself from the ghosts of the Orleanists of the "new aristocracy".
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Lucien Jaume. Tocqueville face au thème de la « nouvelle aristocratie » : la difficile naissance des partis en France. Revue Francaise de Science Politique, Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politiques, 2006, 56 (6), pp.969 - 983. ⟨10.3917/rfsp.566.0969⟩. ⟨hal-03462047⟩

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