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Contribution sur la valeur ajoutée : emplois à tout prix ?

Abstract : In the context of a still high unemployment rate, the recurring debate around the Social security deficits calls for an enlargement of the way growing needs could be financed. A solution that has recently been contemplated would lie in the introduction of a new contribution on the value-added that would be balanced by a reduction of social security taxes. The aim of this paper is to put this proposal under scrutiny and to assess its feasibility. We first estimate factors demand and use the elasticity of substitution between labor and capital to calibrate macrosimulations on the French economy. The results indicate that the reform would be favourable to employment. We then focus on transfers between capitalistic and labor-intensive firms and show that it would not be particularly damaging for export firms.
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Xavier Timbeau, Christophe Blot, Eric Heyer, Mathieu Plane. Contribution sur la valeur ajoutée : emplois à tout prix ?. Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences Po, 2007, pp.265 - 296. ⟨10.3917/reof.100.0265⟩. ⟨hal-03462032⟩



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