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Different paths towards familialism ? Young people and social citizenship in France and the UK from WW2 to the 1990s

Résumé : In the past years, some typologies have been proposed to distinguish different “youth transitions”, relying on welfare regimes typology. Yet, the links between youth and social citizenship are still to be further analysed. As far as social assistance is concerned, an age limitation at 25 years old has been implemented in many countries, regardless of the differences between “youth transition regimes”. For instance, this kind of limitation can be found both in France and the UK. First, in order to address this puzzling commonality, we proceed to a process tracing of the two reforms leading to such limitation: the adoption of the basic income RMI in France in 1988, and the 1986 and 1988 Social Security Acts in the UK. We argue that this commonality finds its origin in the negative image of young people that is present in these countries: they are not considered as proper adults who could benefit from social citizenship. Second, we show how the different institutional welfare arrangements adopted after WW2 have shaped two different types of negative image: in France, young people are considered as “social children” because of the prevalence of the family policy, whereas in the UK, they are deemed to be keen to state dependency and idleness because of the growing importance of social assistance.
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Preprints, Working Papers, ...
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https://hal-sciencespo.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03461003
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Submitted on : Wednesday, December 1, 2021 - 11:10:25 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 18, 2022 - 11:44:11 AM

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Tom Chevalier. Different paths towards familialism ? Young people and social citizenship in France and the UK from WW2 to the 1990s. 2013. ⟨hal-03461003⟩

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