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Les violences concentrationnaires au prisme de la cruauté (1933-1945) : le cas d’Otto Moll

Abstract : The violence suffered by deportees in the concentration and extermination camps has rightly been attributed most frequently to an impersonal and bureaucratic industry, even to institutional logic, with an emphasis on the particular logic of a camp or of corporatist ideologies, such as those of the Nazi Party or the SS. In this article, we propose a complementary perspective, undoubtedly marginal, but which nonetheless has relevance: in postulating the existence of margins of maneuver for socio-historical actors, we develop the concept of the act of initiative through which it becomes possible to understand the practices of cruelty in a sociological framework. In closely following the trajectory of an SS officer, Otto Moll, we articulate the evolving structural frameworks (passage from peace to war, from the German Reich to the European Reich), the institutional specificities of the camps studied (from concentration camps to extermination camps), and finally the professional and social path of the executioner understood not only through the logic of his career, but also in terms of his individual agency and even creativity that spurred his particular acts of cruelty.
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Patrick Bruneteaux, Elissa Mailänder. Les violences concentrationnaires au prisme de la cruauté (1933-1945) : le cas d’Otto Moll. Histoire@Politique : revue du Centre d'histoire de Sciences Po, Centre d'histoire de Sciences Po, 2015, pp.en ligne. ⟨10.3917/hp.026.0047⟩. ⟨hal-03459750⟩



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